Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC)
AAC refers to any form of communication other than speech that is used to express thoughts, needs, wants and
any forms used to enhance the understanding of the spoken word. AAC includes gestures, facial expressions,
pictures, signs, and writing as well as other technology based devices.
An education adjustment is something that the school does specifically to help your child access education.
Advisory visiting teacher (AVT)
Teachers with specialist knowledge and skills, who support the educational programs of students with
Somebody who supports or speaks up on behalf of someone else.
Adjustment Information Management System (AIMS)
Online database used to collect information on students with disabilities.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Developmental disability affecting the three main areas of communication, reciprocal social interaction, and
stereotyped or repetitive behaviours (flexible thinking and imagination). Covers a range of subgroups
Asperger Syndrome, Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-nos).
Assessment for learning
A process of assessment throughout the learning process (not just at the end) used to adjust teaching.
information about student progress that teachers can use to inform their teaching.
Assessment of learning
Assessment at the end of learning process used to summarise what a student can demonstrate at that time.
All devices used to support individuals with disabilities to demonstrate greater independence with and
functions which otherwise may be difficult or impossible for them.
The memory for spoken information; many individuals with ASD have a very short auditory memory and can only
one word or one single piece of spoken information.
Individuals, families or communities who are culturally and linguistically diverse in comparison to the main
The person who is responsible for coordinating the planning and implementation of transition practices within
A tool used to scaffold and prompt communication. Images, photos or sentences can be used to encourage
share information, retell experiences develop narratives. The chat book can be particularly useful to
individuals with ASD to share what has happened at school with their families and or what has happened at
the weekend with school staff and peers.
The mental processes used to think, learn, problem solve, make sense of and remember information.
Compulsory schooling phase
The time when it is compulsory to go to school, i.e. from when the child is at least six years and six months
they turn 16 or complete Year 10 (whichever comes first).
Objects or people in the situation that give a clue to what is being said.
An allowance for driving your child to school.
A plan of teaching and learning activities for a class.
Education Adjustment Program (EAP)
The process used by EQ to identify and respond to the needs of students with disability.
Early Childhood Development Program (ECDP)
EQ program or service based at a school to support children with a diagnosed or suspected disability from
the start of school.
Early Intervention (EI)
Programs and services for infants and young children with developmental delays or disabilities and their
develop the child and the family's skills and future options.
Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC)
Includes education and care programs for children such as Kindergarten, long day-care and early intervention
The repetition of phrases, words, intonation and sounds immediately or delayed (e.g. repeating language
learnt in one
context at a later stage). Can serve a range of purposes: to learn language, indicate confusion, or as an
communicate or request.
The student, the student's parents or carers, teachers, teacher aides, and specialist support personnel.
Education Queensland (EQ)
The division of the Department of Education (DoE) responsible for providing state education.
The ability to plan, organise, and carry out tasks to achieve goals as well as the ability to monitor and
behaviour to respond to changes in the social environment.
How a child expresses their needs and wants, thoughts and feelings. Includes verbal (speech) and non-verbal
including use of signs, picture exchange systems, gestures, visual means, ICT use, or written communication.
ICT (Information and Communications Technologies)
A term used to describe the use and integration of digital information systems and technologies. May also be
ICLT (Information, Communication and Learning Technologies).
Individual Education Plan (IEP)
An individual education plan developed with parents and specialist staff (special educators, therapists)
priority goals, implementation strategies and assessments for the child. An IEP is required for students who
process of collaboratively planning for the individual needs of a student to determine the
current level of performance, educational needs and future learning priorities. Includes parents, teachers,
specialist support staff and the student (if appropriate).
Individual Learning Plan (ILP)
An individual learning plan for six months developed for a student who requires curriculum at a level higher
than his or her year-level for some or all of the learning areas. Includes any supports or strategies
provided to the student, the year-level curriculum provided, areas requiring focused teaching and any
other support provided or required.
Inclusion Support Subsidy (ISS)
Funding that supports education and care services (long day care, Kindergarten, OSHC, vacation care etc) to
children with disabilities in their programs or services.
Parents and Citizens' Association.
Medical professionals who specialise in the treatment of children.
As defined under Section 10 of the
Education (General Provisions) Act 2006,a parent of a child is any of the following
- the child's mother
- the child's father
- a person who exercises parental responsibility for the child
- a person under Aboriginal tradition who is regarded as a parent of the child
- a person under Torres Strait Islander custom who is regarded as a parent of the child
- a person granted guardianship of a child under the
Child Protection Act 1999
- a person who exercises parental responsibility under a decision of order of a Federal or State court.
Picture Exchange Communication System. A patented low-tech AAC.
Therapists who help people develop their physical abilities and functional skills.
Positive Behaviour Support (PBS)
An evidence-based practice in the management of challenging behaviour. PBS works to reduce instances of
behaviour through teaching new skills and behaviours that assist an individual to have their needs and wants
adjusting the environment to promote positive behaviour and removing punitive consequences. PBS relies upon
having a clear understanding of the challenging behaviour and why it occurs.
A non- compulsory five day per week program where children stay all day (usually from 9am to 3pm) available
primary schools. Prep gives children the best start to formal schooling (Year 1). Children need to be five
June in the year they enrol in Prep.
Principal Advisor, Education Services (PA, ES)
The key contact person at the regional level for enrolling students in special school.
Principal Education Officer, Student Services (PEO, SS)
The primary contact person at the regional level for parents of children with disability.
An item or toy that will encourage and support a child's imaginative play or communication.
Relating to stimuli that are produced and perceived within an organism, especially those connected with the
and movement of the body.
A medical professional who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. Psychiatrists may
prescribe medication for their patients.
A therapist who works with people to understand, prevent and relieve their psychologically based problems. A
psychologist may assist with strategies to manage emotions, behaviour, support learning or develop social
assessments and observations, and support for the whole family.
School transport assessor
A trained person in a school who liaises with parents about school transport assistance matters and assesses
a student is eligible for the
School Transport Assistance Program for Students With Disabilities.
School of Distance Education.
Skills for dressing, feeding, toileting, eating, applying sunscreen and managing personal belongings.
Tasks of daily living carried out by a person e.g. dressing, toileting, washing hands, blowing nose, applying
Seeking activities or sensations for the purpose of calming themselves or gaining a particular sensation.
How sensory information is taken in and processed by the brain.
Special Education Program.
Senior guidance officer.
Patented structured activities that support children to use their visual and sequential strengths. Tasks can
size and shape of a shoebox (hence the name) and generally all the elements of the task can be contained in
Shoebox tasks 'show' what the child has to do rather than relying on language and actively involve
(he or she has to make, sort, post, match, trace, connect items) supporting understanding.
Provides a description of an event or situation and seeks to provide social information regarding
and appropriate responses. Social stories follow a set format in their design and construction.
Special Education Programs
Programs that give specialist support to students with disability in state schools.
Special Education Teachers
Teachers with specialist knowledge and skills, who support the educational programs of students with
A school that only provides education to students with disability.
Therapists who assists students with special needs in communication.
Done in the same way each time.
A written or visually represented sequence of information designed to assists the reader to understand the
when, where, who, and why of a situation. Information is provided in a story format and seeks to provide the
with skills to respond appropriately to specific situations.
SWPBS Schoolwide Positive Behaviour Support
A proactive, team-based system approach and decision making framework that guides selection, integration and
implementation of evidence-based practices for improving academic and behavioural outcomes for all students
safe school environment.